General medecine

General medicine deals with the prevention, diagnosis and treatment of disease, disorder and injury in animals.

Dental exam

In an added effort to provide your pet with quality care, we offer pet dental services in our veterinary office. It is estimated that 80% of pets exhibit the beginning stages of periodontal disease by age 3, which is why dental exams and teeth cleanings are essential. Also, studies indicate that pets with good oral hygiene tend to live 2 to 4 years longer than pets with little or no dental care. While periodontal disease is entirely preventable, when left untreated it can lead to cardiac disease, kidney infection or a liver infection. 

  Reasons for regular dental check-ups:

  • Avoid tooth loss due to periodontal disease.
  • Help your pet avert unnecessary pain.
  • Help your pet maintain healthy and functional teeth.
  • Improve foul breath 
  •  Prevent potential damage to the brain, heart, liver, lungs, and kidneys.
What does a pet dental exam involve? 
 Pets can experience many of the same dental issues that humans do, including gingivitis, periodontal disease, necessary tooth extraction, and deep scaling. Regular dental exams and cleanings can help you avoid the costliness of involved dental procedures and can help prevent your pet from unnecessary suffering. Pet dental exams are similar to human dental exams and involve teeth cleaning and buffing. Additional services offered include dental X-rays and dental extractions. If more serious conditions are discovered (root canals,...), reference to a specialist might be required. During your pet's teeth cleaning, a dental technician will gently clean the surface of the teeth with an ultrasonic scaler that cleans using the vibration of sound waves and water. The waves push the water creating tiny scrubbing bubbles that implode on tooth surfaces and kill microbes as they separate plaque from the tooth structure. After scaling the teeth, the technician lightly buffs and polishes your pet's teeth to complete their dental cleaning. After the cleaning, we will provide you with a comprehensive analysis of your pet's oral health. You will receive at-home oral hygiene tips specific to your pet, and if any serious dental conditions exist, you will be notified prior to any treatment planning. 
Some simple home hygiene tips are:
  • Brushing your pet's teeth on a daily basis prevents tartar build-up.
  • Dental products specifically designed for pets can help protect gums and lessen tartar.
  • Dry pet food is better for teeth than canned food; it causes abrasion to tooth surfaces when chewed, helping remove tartar build-up. Specific dental food provides even better brushing of the teeth. Other treats such as raw-hide can also help remove built-up plaque.
  • There are many pet toys that support dental health. Buying your pets these toys not only entertains them, but offers a dual purpose in helping clean teeth.
Remember, creating a smooth clean tooth surface makes it more difficult for tartar and plaque to build up! If you would like to schedule a professional dental cleaning for your pet, call our office to schedule an appointment, and allow your pet to experience a healthy smile!


Most pet owners are unaware that scratching, licking, biting, and chewing are tell-tale signs of an underlying skin problem. While there are several different skin diseases that can affect pets, managing skin problems is possible. Skin disease or irritation can cause distress. To relieve that suffering, we offer dermatological testing and treatment that can help your pet live comfortably. In trying to diagnose and treat skin disorders, your role as a pet owner is essential. Discovering what causes flare-ups and irritation will primarily be your job. Pay attention to your pet's reaction after eating, playing outside, and interacting with other animals. During your appointment, the veterinarian will discuss your observations to determine a series of laboratory tests that will help diagnose or treat your pet's skin issues. 

  Common dermatological issues for pets:

  • Auto-immune disorders  
  • Disease of the footpads
  • Ear infections
  • Flea allergy dermatitis
  • Hair loss
  • Hormone disorders
  • Parasitic, bacterial, or fungal infections
  • Skin allergies caused by contact, environment, or food
  • Skin cancer
What does treatment involve? 
Our veterinarian will work with you and your pet to determine a treatment plan that is manageable. Trying to find the best method of therapy is an ongoing process that may take several attempts in order to discover an effective treatment. To help with diagnosis, we may perform the following tests: 
  • Skin scrapings 
  • Cytologies
  • Biopsies
  • Fungal and bacterial cultures
If needed, the veterinarian may send your pet to a specialist in veterinary dermatology to perform more advanced procedures such as intradermal allergy testing and video otoscopy. If you have any questions about pet dermatology or think your pet might have a skin condition, contact our office today.

Veterinary ophtalmology

Veterinary ophthalmology is a branch of pet medicine that focuses on eye care and ocular disease prevention.  Annual pet vision exams evaluate current eye health and can include, if needed,  measuring tear production, eye pressure, and potential corneal scratches. If more serious issues are detected, such as glaucoma, cataracts, early vision loss, or dry eye problems, they will be addressed and treatment will be planned. During treatment planning, all options and recommendations will be thoroughly discussed so we can build an effective and comfortable vision procedure for you and your pet.  
Indications of pet eye problems:
  • Abnormal growth near or on the eye
  • Behavioral changes, namely a sense of depression
  • Bumping into objects or seemingly lost in a familiar setting
  • Discoloration of the iris
  • Hazy film over cornea
  • Increase in discharge from eyes
  • Pawing and rubbing eyes
  • Red, swollen eyes
  • Sensitivity to light or squinting
Preventing and improving pet vision problems
The following tests can be performed, as needed, during a routine pet vision exams:
  • Fluorescein Stain
  • Intraocular Pressure Test
  • Schirmer Tear Test 
Each vision test is cautious of pet comfort and does not cause pain. If serious problems are detected, treatment options will be discussed, and the possibility to transfer the animal to a specialist in veterinary ophtalmology if needed.

f you have any questions about veterinary ophthalmology or would like to arrange for a routine pet eye exam, please contact our office to  your pet's appointment.

Imaging and numeric radiology

In an effort to provide your pet with superior medical care, we perform diagnostic imaging services. Medical imaging employs the use of machinery to give photographic representation of abnormalities or injuries. In performing diagnostic imaging, our veterinarian can provide safe, accurate diagnosis and promptly treat the problem. The clinic is equipped with a digital radiology system. We are able to shoot X-rays on site and get the result immediately. The shots are faster and of better quality. It is also possible to consult with specialists by sending the X-rays through the internet. Our dental radiography apparatus is also digital. 

  Reasons for diagnostic imaging

  • Searching for masses
  • Detect possible bladder stones
  • Determine the presence and location bone fractures
  • Evaluate the number of fetuses during a pregnancy
  • Evaluate heart and lungs
  • Locate foreign bodies
If you have any questions about digital imaging services, please feel free to contact our office.


Our office is dedicated to provide compassionate care to your pets. In offering cardiology services, we can better evaluate and treat heart and lung diseases, working towards improving quality of life. Annual pet wellness exams enable our staff to detect early indicators of heart disease that could potentially save your pet's life - just one more reason why an annual check-up is important for your pet's well-being. Diagnostic imaging is initially used when a disease or condition is suspected. This non-invasive method of obtaining information allows our veterinarian to determine existence, severity, and location of a condition or disease. After diagnosis, our physicians will discuss with you the best plan of action for your pet. 

  Possible indications of heart disease:

  • Coughing
  • Inability or refusal to sleep at night.
  • Shortness of breath, wheezing, or rapid breathing.
  • Sudden changes in pet behavior and an inclination to isolate themselves.
  • Sudden episodes of fainting, or unexplained collapses.
  • Swelling in the abdomen.
What do cardiology diagnostics involve? 
Diagnostics could involve a variety of different procedures. Upon examining your pet, the veterinarian will decide which method is necessary under the circumstances.  If needed, some advanced procedures may be performed by a specialised veterinary cardiologist (EKG, cardiac ultrasound).
  • Blood Pressure
  • Blood Tests
  • Digital X-ray

If needed, some advanced procedures (EKG, cardiac ultrasound) may be needed to better asses the cardiac disease.  We can arrange for an in-clinic appointment with a specialized veterinary cardiologist to avoid the unnecessary stress of travelling to an emergency care facility.

In-clinic laboratory tests

We have an on-site lab that allows us to quickly perform many diagnostic tests:

  • Complete blood test
  • Preoperative blood work
  • Hematology
  • Urine analysis
  • Stool analysis
  • Cytology (microscopic examination of the cells from the skin, ears, mass, ...)

Depending on the required test, we also have quick access to different external specialized laboratories for more specific analyzes.


Losing a pet is a delicate situation, and we understand the difficulty in having to make that final decision. Our veterinarians are skilled in assessing pain management and do not recommend euthanasia casually. We also make certain that the process of putting your pet to sleep is carried out in a humane manner. When being euthanized, pet owners are welcome to be in the room as their pet passes, and if they prefer, a pet can be sedated prior to administering euthanasia. The final injection is a chemical that mimics an overdose of anesthesia, allowing your pet to fall into an eternal sleep. While the decision to euthanize is heart-wrenching, it is important for a pet owner to consider the pet's suffering before their own. In circumstances where putting your pet to sleep offers them relief from physical anguish, ending misery can be the best decision you can make for your pet. 

What happens after euthanasia? After putting your pet to sleep, you can decide to take your pet home with you, have your pet cremated, buried from a pet funeral home, or you can opt to leave your pet with the veterinarian. Because saying goodbye is difficult, we recommend having after death plans arranged prior to your visit for euthanasia. No matter what you decide to do, don't feel pressured to choose one option or another; choose the option that is best for you. Some pet owners feel that an urn with their pet's remains helps the grieving process. Others think leaving the pet with the vet is easier for them emotionally. Because your pet has peacefully passed, it is now your decision to do what is best for you. The bereavement process is different for every pet owner. Some only take a couple days for mourning while others take months. It is completely normal to mourn the loss of your pet.  If you have any questions about the process of putting a pet to sleep, contact our office at your convenience.